Cruciate ligament rupture
Cruciate ligament injuries: surgical or conservative treatment?
The cruciate ligament tear is also called cruciate ligament r upture and is one of the most common injuries in the knee joint. The cruciate ligaments are stabilizing tissue ligaments as collagen fibers that cross over in the center of the knee joint. The cruciate ligaments are divided into anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments. They limit the extension of the knee joint over the tibia, control joint movement and provide stable support. At the same time, they prevent twisting of the knee joint. If the joint is nevertheless twisted too far in an accident during sports or due to sudden movements with external force, the cruciate ligaments can tear in parts or completely – the cruciate l igament tear occurs.
The anterior cruciate ligament is usually affected by a rupture, whereas the posterior cruciate ligament is rarely affected. While the posterior cruciate ligament primarily prevents posterior displacement of the tibial plateau, the anterior cruciate ligament is involved in limiting extension of the knee joint while providing stability in the knee joint along with the lateral ligaments. Typical mechanisms of injury to the anterior cruciate ligament include twisting of the knee joint when skiing in the snow or getting caught with the cleat in the turf while playing soccer. A good prevention against a cruciate ligament rupture is offered especially to athletes by a regular and careful warm-up training before the actual sport.