Orthopedic knowledge from A-Z


Pain syndrome of the Achilles tendon, the attachment of the calf muscles to the heel bone.

Summary of a patient’s history of suffering.

See fibrocartilage ring

Application of high-frequency, focused shock waves to treat orthopedic conditions.

Surgical joint fusion

Surgical procedure designed to secure or restore joint function.

Joint wear due to excessive load

autologous cells (donor and recipient are the same person)


Inserted between the vertebral bodies after a degenerated disc has been removed. The disc prosthesis is designed to maintain disc height as well as facilitate movement.

Chronic back pain caused by degeneration of the intervertebral disc is often treated with implantation of a disc prosthesis.

Intervertebral disc curvature


Deals with disorders of the function of the musculoskeletal system, especially the spine. The hand is the only treatment tool of the chirotherapist in diagnostics and therapy.

Cartilage cells

Most common inflammatory disease of the joints in which they swell and become overheated. The disease usually progresses in episodes, whereby an episode and its symptoms can last between a few weeks and months.

Imaging procedure in radiology using a computer.

Imaging procedure in radiology.

Artificial surface replacement at the joint.


Saddle joint between the large polygonal bone and the first metacarpal bone.

Lat. for damage or error.

Indicates a deviation from the norm. This deviation may affect the shape and/or function of an organ.

Form of prosthesis on the shoulder joint, which is used in cases of severe joint destruction in conjunction with large defects in the area of the muscular cuff of the shoulder.

Radiological procedures in which X-ray images are taken digitally.

Process of a vertebra.


Solution in which salts are dissolved in the form of ions. Administered to compensate for water and electrolyte deficiencies, e.g. by infusion.

Device with which the interior of living organisms can be examined.

Form of therapy that belongs to the medical healing professions. It helps people to (re)gain a capacity for action that has been lost or not yet existent due to illness, injury or disability. The goal is to achieve the greatest possible independence and autonomy in everyday life.

Weeping, non-bleeding loss of substance of the skin or mucosa affecting only the epithelium.



(so-called vertebral arch joint) This refers to the two “small vertebral joints” that each vertebra of our spine has. They control the mobility between the individual vertebrae.

Targeted drug injection to gently eliminate the causes of pain in the area of the small vertebral joints with simultaneous anti-inflammatory effect.

surrounds the soft intervertebral disc.

Bony spur on the calcaneus often caused due to overweight and pronation malalignment of the foot.

Fracture of a bone.


ganglion; joint cyst

includes surgical treatments of fresh or older injuries of all joints of the body as well as pathological changes of the joints due to wear and tear.

Fibrocartilaginous projection on the glenoid cavity to increase its surface area.

The counterpart to the rod end in a ball joint, which encloses it.

Clear body fluid in real joints that forms a lubricating film on the joint surfaces and thus contributes to shock absorption.

n gap-shaped cavity filled with synovial fluid between the cartilaginous surfaces of a joint.


High-frequency sound waves used in magnetic resonance imaging.

Reflection of the hip joint.

Künstliches Hüftgelenk, dass durch eine Operation, als Folge von starkem Gelenkverschleiß, eingesetzt wird.


Alternative to autologous blood therapy for osteoarthritis. » Hyaloronic acid injection details


Insertion of replacement material into the body.

Allowing a fluid to flow into the body by infusion.

refers to the continuous parenteral administration of fluids – such as drugs and electrolyte solutions – intravenously via a hypodermic needle over a specific period of time.

Hollow needle used to penetrate human tissue to insert or withdraw fluids using a syringe.

Two vertebral bodies shift against each other during movement.

Subfield of diagnostic radiology. Therapeutic interventions are performed under image guidance (ultrasound, CT, MRI, angiography).

“in a vein”, “into a vein”. Direct administration of a drug or fluid into a venous blood vessel.

Most powerful nerve of the body in the lumbar-cruciate nerve plexus.


Study of the heart, dealing with its structures, functions in the organism and diseases of the heart.

(facet joints), Are aligned horizontally, vertically or obliquely depending on their function. They allow lateral inclination, rotation, flexion and extension of the back.

Crowded, condensed

Künstliches Kniegelenk, dass durch eine Operation, als Folge von starkem Gelenkverschleiß, eingesetzt wird.

Hollow groove inside the bone.

Firm both pressure and flexion elastic, vascular support tissue.


Framing of the cartilage cup (cup lip).

Anterior cruciate ligament

(ugs.: dislocation) Loss of contact of joint-forming bone ends


Used in medicine for the treatment of functional disorders of the musculoskeletal system.

Cartilaginous structure in the knee joint that helps transfer force from the femur to the tibia.

Mesenchymal stem cells are progenitor cells of connective tissue. They contribute to the maintenance and regeneration of supporting and connective tissues, such as bone, cartilage, muscle, ligaments, tendons and fatty tissue. They also support the growth and development of blood precursor cells in the bone marrow.

Settlement of a malignant tumor in removed tissue in a cancer.

Mirroring with a mini-camera that allows direct viewing of the internal organs, with less stress on the patient.

(rotator cuff) Structure of four muscles and vision that stabilizes the shoulder.

Painful stiffening of the muscles.

Imaging procedure with contrast medium in the spinal canal.


Pressure damage to nerves.

Main section of a nerve up to its peripheral division into branches.

Pressure damage to the nerve at the elbow due to an excessively narrow bone groove or the development of connective tissue scarring.

Field of medicine that includes the detection and surgical treatment of diseases, malformations and injuries of the central and peripheral nervous system.

Stabilization operations of the lumbar spine and cervical spine.

Innovative procedure for the treatment of herniated discs without open surgery. High-frequency waves biologically transport away excess damaged disc parts and healing is stimulated.


Swelling of the tissue due to retention of fluid from the vascular system.

Medical device used to stabilize, relieve, immobilize, guide or correct limbs or the trunk.

Area of medicine concerned with the development, prevention, detection and treatment of congenital or acquired form or function defects of the musculoskeletal system (bones, joints, muscles, tendons) and the rehabilitation of patients.

Includes various disease and treatment concepts in the field of alternative medicine.

(bone loss) Age disease of cooking in which the bone density decreases, the bone substance and structure is degraded excessively quickly, making him more susceptible to fractures.


Runs over the kneecap and transfers the force of the large thigh muscle to the lower leg.

(to engl.: “past the intestine”) Refers to the pathway by which substances or pathogens enter the body, bypassing the intestinal tract.

Located in the outer areas of the body.

Form of treatment of chronic pain conditions in degenerative spinal diseases. In this procedure, a thin injection needle is guided close to a nerve root under computer tomographic control and a drug is introduced locally in a targeted manner.

Inflammation of the tendon plate of the sole of the foot.

Describes problems or discomfort that can occur after disc surgery.

After a surgical procedure.

Pronounced susceptibility to certain diseases.

Damage to the long biceps tendon in its course through the shoulder joint.

Targeted placement of a needle or pointed instrument. The tissue fluid or sample collected in the process is called a punctate.


Instrument in the treatment of various pathologies of the capsule-ligament apparatus as well as cartilage.

Suitably structured for absorption through skin or mucosa.

Renewed disc herniation at the same spinal level.

Painless procedure that uses heat from radiofrequency (RF) energy and gently eliminates the pain-causing nerve.

Most common inflammatory disease of the joints. The affected joints swell and are overheated.

Branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of mostly chronic diseases, such as pain in the musculoskeletal system, disorders of the metabolism and malfunctions of the internal organs, as well as erosions of parts of the skin and damage to the sensory organs.

Wear disease of the thumb saddle joint.

Imaging method whose process involves transilluminating a body with X-rays using an X-ray machine.

Rupture of a vessel or organ.


Bone part of the shoulder adjacent to the clavicle.

Connective tissue part of the muscle that connects it to a bone.

A sheath around a tendon filled with synovial fluid.

Tendon of the knee bend.

Field of medicine that analyzes and describes the incidence and distribution of common diseases in relation to the social and natural environment and the organization of the health care system, including the institution of social security, peer review, and scientific evaluation.

Spinal cord nerve

Arm, leg or joint splint

Softening of the bony rays in the midfoot.

Articulated roller on the upper side of the ankle bone.

Space below the shoulder level (acromion).

Tear in the connective tissue-like bone joint.

Artificial material


(Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation) Electromedical stimulation current therapy for the treatment of pain and the stimulation of muscles.

Using electricity and heat, a nerve is sclerosed and discomfort is locally eliminated.


Tendon of a muscle (tibialis posterior) in the calf.

Minimally invasive surgical method in which spinal fusion is performed through the skin.


Principle of examination, which is often used for diagnosis. The method, which works on the basis of sound waves, is used to calculate an image by means of a computer.

Deals with the field of surgical and conservative procedures for the restoration and maintenance of the human organ system and musculoskeletal system damaged by accidents.

Not specific, characteristic, indicative.


Neck of femur protruding forward.


Is the canal within the spinal column formed by the superimposed vertebral holes of the vertebrae, in which the spinal cord is located.

Forms the bony center of the body. It encases the spinal cord, which lies in the spinal canal, and in its entirety is the central load-bearing structural element that connects all other parts of the skeleton.

Radiation-free alternative to X-rays that provides fast, non-contact measurement of the human back and spine.


Transplantation of cells.

Cavity that forms in a tissue and is surrounded by a capsule. The contents of the capsule are usually filled with tissue fluid, blood, pus or sebum.